The Amazon Rainforest, also known as Amazonia, and is one of the most incredible places on Earth. Even, it is so big that the UK and Ireland would fit into it 17 times.
Here are 10 facts you might not know about the Amazon Rainforest.
- Amazon is the largest tropical rainforest in the world, which covers more than 5.5 million square kilometers.
- Amazon is located in South America, which are spread over Brazil (60%), Bolivia (13%), Peru (10%), Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.
- Amazon River is the largest drainage system in the world in terms of the volume of its flow and the area of its basin, flowing through the north of the rainforest. Running a length about 4,000 miles (6,400 kilometers), it is second longest river in the world. The longest is the Africa’s Nile River, which is about 6,650 kilometers in length.
- Nearly 400-500 indigenous Amerindian tribes live in the Amazon rainforest, in which about 50 of them have never had contact with the outside world.
- Amazon has a rich ecosystem in the world – there are around 40,000 plant species, 1,300 bird species, 3,000 types of fish, 430 mammals and 2.5 million different insects species which have been scientifically classified within the region.
- Amazon is home to one of the most deadly creatures, such as electric eels, meat eating piranhas, poison dirt frogs, jaguars and some serious venomous snakes.
- Amazon Rainforest is referred to as the “Lungs of the Earth“. It produces more than 20% of the world’s oxygen.
- Around 80% of the world’s food varieties are produced from the Amazon rainforest, which includes coffee, chocolate, rice, tomatoes, potatoes, bananas, pepper, pineapple and corn.
- More than 25% of modern pharmaceuticals contain Amazonian ingredients , yet only 1% of plants have been tested for medicinal properties.
- The Amazon floor is in permanent darkness as only 1% of sunlight can make it through the thick canopy (the top branches and leaves of the trees). In fact, it’s so thick that when it rains, it takes about 10 minutes for the water to reach the ground.